Sahamitr Pressure Container PLC recognizes the significance of climate change, a global challenge that necessitates collective efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Therefore, the company is committed to conducting its business with environmental responsibility and prioritizes the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.
Potential Emerging Risks Affecting
the Company's Business Operations
Risk from Climate Change
Climate change poses a significant challenge to the company’s business operations. The world is currently placing great emphasis on preparing for this situation. Failure to prepare for the potential impacts could result in the loss of life and assets. One major issue is global warming, primarily caused by the release of greenhouse gas emissions into the global atmosphere. These emissions predominantly stem from vehicle engines, agricultural activities, coal usage, and industrial factory chimneys, leading to additional pollution problems such as PM2.5 air pollution. These pollutants have profound effects on the economy, society, and the environment.
Consequently, there is a societal push to reduce pollution and establish targets for reducing carbon emissions in both the public and private sectors. This is achieved through the implementation of laws, regulations, and rules related to greenhouse gas control. Various mechanisms, including carbon taxation and the use of carbon tax as a tool to incentivize carbon emission reductions through the Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM), are being employed. Additionally, there is a growing promotion of renewable energy usage to support clean and environmentally friendly energy sources. In light of these measures, the company’s business plan must be adjusted to align with the transition toward a low-carbon society.
Carbon Footprint Management Approaches
The company has established a working team dedicated to carbon footprint management. This team is responsible for setting goals and guidelines aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions in accordance with the company’s carbon footprint management method. The company’s approach to climate change management includes the following:
- Conducting an analysis of the environmental impact resulting from the company’s operations.
- Implementing measures to minimize greenhouse gas emissions.
- Utilizing raw materials and products that are environmentally friendly.
As part of the company’s climate change management approach, there has been a reduction in electricity consumption and the utilization of renewable energy through a solar rooftop power generation system installed on the factory roof. This has resulted in a significant decrease in greenhouse gas emissions, contributing to the sustainable preservation of the environment.
Furthermore, the company recognizes the significance of minimizing its environmental and climate change impact. As part of its efforts, the company has initiated a project to upgrade its painting oven from a convection oven to an infrared oven (IR Oven). This transition allows for energy savings and a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions. The project is currently undergoing performance evaluation.
In response to government and private sector policies, both domestically and internationally, that focus on reducing greenhouse gas emissions, the company has established a carbon footprint management team in 2022. This team conducted an assessment of the company’s greenhouse gas emissions, using data from January 1, 2021, to December 31, 2021, with the base year set as 2021. To ensure accuracy, the company enlisted the services of an expert verification company. On July 26, 2022, the company obtained certification for its Carbon Footprint for Organization from the Thailand Greenhouse Gas Management Organization (Public Organization). The company has set goals to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and has operational information as follows:
1. Direct greenhouse gas emissions (Scope 1):
These are caused by the combustion of various fuels, both from machines and from company-owned vehicles, such as LPG, gasoline, and diesel. Additionally, direct emissions include carbon dioxide emissions from the production process, the use of refrigerants, and the use of chemicals in the wastewater treatment system.
2. Indirect greenhouse gas emissions from energy use (Scope 2):
These are caused by the company’s electricity consumption.
3. Other indirect greenhouse gas emissions (Scope 3):
These are caused by the consumption of energy and various fuels, such as LPG, gasoline, diesel, and electricity.
In 2022, the company set a goal to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 1 percent compared to the base year of 2021. In that year, the company successfully reduced greenhouse gas emissions by 4,479 tons of carbon dioxide, which represents a decrease of 16.38 percent compared to the base year 2021.